For this reason, birch cabinets are among the most affordable of all cabinets. It is also soft enough for any molder knife to cut easily and can even be run through a molder faster than other hardwoods. Maple vs. Alder Kitchen Doors. White Alder Wood. Light Oaking. The lower section of the tree tends to be as good as its upper part. I strongly recommend against using any kind of wood stain on Maple, Alder, Pine, and Cherry unless you are familiar with various seal-coat techniques. Some people consider this look blotchy while others think it complements the natural features of the wood. Alder is a smooth hardwood with color and graining similar to Cherry ranging from a light honey color to a reddish-brown hue. This is the reason why most cabinet builders avoid using alder wood and those who use it, only do so for its wonderful visual effects. Pining. It takes finishes almost exactly the same as cherry and the same range of colors works well on it. Red alder ranges in color from golden tan to pale reddish tan. Colors may vary from almost white to tan and pale, pinkish brown, with differences being accentuated when clear, light stain colors are used. As its Latin name suggests, the leaves tend to be sticky and remain abloom well late into the autumn season. The fine-toothed leaves tend to be 3 to 8 cm in length while 2 to 6 cm wide. Always test stain on a hidden area of the wood to verify desired color. General Finishes Gray Gel Stain. If you want you can even use it in its natural color. One of the reasons why red alder wood is a common choice among builders and constructors is because of its workability. Alder Wiping & SNW Stains Color Block Set Red Oak Wood: It is a light to medium brown, commonly with a reddish cast. Another factor that makes this wood more expensive is the fact that it requires certain finishing techniques, especially in the process of cabinet constructions. It happens to be widely distributed in the foothills of northern California and southwestern Oregon. Maple and alder are at two different points in the spectrum of cost, appearance and durability. In addition to leaves, the tree is admired for its glossy, brownish red branches which tend to blossom catkins and small cone-shaped fruits. Surprisingly, the wood is soft in nature and hence additional care needs to be shown to avoid damaging the wood. The colors shown are for reference purposes only. When first cut, black alder wood is soft and white which eventually turns into pale red and forms striking knots. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. Red Alder Wood: Red Alder tends to be a light tan to reddish-brown; color darkens and reddens with age. Alder is also affordable enough to be culled, with the defective pieces saved for structural use and the prime alder going into the finest woodworking projects. Alder is a moderately light and slightly soft hardwood, with a smooth surface and very little grain showing. Knotty Alder is chosen for its rustic, informal appearance. Ironically, there was a time when cabinet makers would enthusiastically use amber-toned alder wood to give it off remarkable reddish-colored finishing which resembled cherry wood in appearance. How to Repair the Wood Molding on a Window Pane. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. On a hardness scale, alder ranks just above pine and poplar. Common Wood Species and Grade combinations when using a natural (no stain finish): Alder – (Select/Premium Grade) Alder – (Rustic Grade) Color Samples. CLICK on the COLOR SWATCH to be taken to the product page. Red alder is the most abundant hardwood timber in the Pacific Northwest. Although classified as a hardwood, alder is one of the softest of all hardwoods and is more commonly referred to as a semi-hardwood. When properly kiln dried, alder is one of the lightest of all the hardwoods, making it a favorite for building recreational vehicles that are fuel efficient. When mixed with iron sulfate, the bark forms an intense black dye, a better alternative of galls and sumach. It is interesting to note that this light-brown wood with striking grain patterns came into limelight as a more affordable alternative to cherry wood, and that’s exactly how alder wood got its common name “poor man’s cherry”. Stain sinks readily into its open pores, and little stain is required to reflect a different character. To distinguish red alder trees from their counterparts, it is important to note that they are a broad-leaf tree with a medium size and the ability to grow up to 24 meters. Like black alder trees, the flowers this tree bear are catkin which emerges in the spring season. As the name implies, the tree is distinctly known for having glossy green leaves with a light green under surface. Both the male and female flowers (catkins) are produced on this tree in the season of autumn. Also called the California alder and Sierra alder, the white alder is a thin-leafed tree, native to western North America. The wood attained from the tree is used for many purposes such as making frames and cabinets. Unlike cherry wood, red finishing of alder wood doesn’t darken as it ages, proving to be long-lasting and durable for good. Shaddy has also worked as a newspaper reporter and writer, and as a contributing writer for Bicycling Magazine. The green alder is not only lauded for its physical properties; green alder wood is exceedingly useful as it is used in the construction of furniture, manufacturing cabinets and charcoal, and smoking salmons. Rustic Walnut Walnut is a very hard and elegant wood that can be used in a wide variety of applications from entertainment centers to kitchens. Its immense workability, versatility, and finishing made the hardwood achieve worldwide popularity overnight. If a water white lacquer and blond shellac are used, then the Alder will take on a light gold color. Alder has a light brown color with subtle grain patterns that are straighter than other hardwoods, such as oak or ash. Owing to tight, intertwined roots, the wood is incredibly strong and can effectively withstand storms and extreme water flows. Clear Alder. Each type of wood has a characteristic color and grain pattern, and the color also can be altered with stain. In addition to these types, alder wood comes in other notable forms as well, establishing the fact that this solid and knotty wood offers a wide variety to builders and manufacturers. Please note that the ideal growth of tree takes place n warm, volcanic soils. Alder is straight-grained and maintains its shape without warping or twisting. Alder wood exhibits two basic natural colors depending on the finishing technique used. Knotty Alder, being true to its name, features large split knots and open knots that vary in size. Please note that the leaf base is asymmetric while the leaf margin is serrated. Even though alder can be considered bland with no real character, it can be impressive when stained and lacquered. However, it can also grow on sand, clay, and gravel. On the other hand, the bark of this type of alder is used for dyeing and tanning as it is packed with 16 to 20% of tannic acid. Alder wood can blend in with any kind of stain. In addition to cabinets, alder wood is also used for the construction of windows, doors, trims, and beam wraps. As these trees mature, they develop tapered trunks which grow up to form a huge, round crown. Clear Alder accepts stain evenly, often making it indistinguishable from Cherry in appearance. The wood has the ability to tolerate wet sites, flooding, clay soil, and alkaline soil. Alder may display pin knots, grain “fuzz” and mineral streaks. The wood is easy to cut and shape with hands as well as machine tools. […] If you want to make the most of the wood and leaves of the green alder, you can cultivate your very own green alder tree. Alder has a fine, smooth, straight grain with random mineral streaks and mild color variation. "Alder is an attractive, close-grain species, with a nice uniform color, a fine texture, and uniform density," says Miller. Scientifically known as “Alnus rubra”, red alder is native to western North America which includes famous regions like Alaska, Washington, Oregon, California, Montana, and British Columbia. For example, the ashes of the burnt tree leaves can be served as a tooth cleaner. Although classified as a hardwood, alder is one of the softest of all hardwoods and is more commonly referred to as a semi-hardwood. It can be stained to resemble most popular wood finishes, but it is a notoriously difficult wood to stain, as it often results in uneven coloring without proper preparation. It usually grows to a height of 90 feet. The thick bark protects the tree from brush fires and helps in nourishing the entire tree with food and water. Lacquer penetrates alder fast and hardens inside the pores to provide a glassy coating. Having the botanical name Alnus cordata, the Italian alder is a deciduous tree, belonging to the Birch family. DISTRIBUTION Principally the Pacific Northwest, where it is the most abundant commercial hardwood. Close [] { } ... Wood Stains, Sealers & Clear Topcoats ... Due to individual computer monitor limitations, colors seen here may not accurately reflect the selected stain. You can find red alder wood in two kinds: clear red alder and knotty red alder. Due to its overgrowing demand all across the world, it is not surprising that the wood eventually became known for its high price. You can nail or screw alder wood without splitting or pre-drilling. Because of its inherent straightness, alder is good for moldings. This is an In-Stock Color Block and is available for purchase as an Individual Color Block or as part of a Color Block Set. For example, in some small Indian tribes, the wood is used for various treatment purposes. The bark is smooth, grayish green with lenticels. This alder is know as "clear" and is highly regarded by woodworkers and consumers alike. While alder is a hard wood, it is on the softer scale of hard woods, which allows it to be stained many different colors, giving you many options for your cabinetry. Alder is typified by its consistent color, ranging from white to a light rosy-brown. Alder is a medium-density hardwood that is often used with furniture, trim, doors and finer finishing. There is no apparent distinction between the heartwood and sapwood, as both of them are of the same light, medium, or dark shade. It also looks good with "mahogany" and "walnut" colors (which don't look right on cherry, in my opinion) and takes paint as well as poplar, if not better! To be specific, the tree is widely distributed from Pakistan to Nepal to Bhutan to Yunnan and to southwest China. Alder is carefully manufactured, dried, and inspected to ensure flat, straight, and stable lumber—making it ideal for moldings, millwork, as well as furniture and cabinets. This article may include references and links to products and services from one or more of our advertisers.  We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. While the grain may appear to be uniform, it will almost never be the case. … Warmer colors, like orange, brown, rust and red, work too, but the deeper tones of these colors work best. Alder's resemblance to birch hardwood -- at half the price -- makes it an acceptable substitution. Like the typical alder tree, Nepalese alder wood is considerably soft and hence used for making light boxes or any other small constructions. Older specimens in damp growing conditions feature dark spots of moss. If the knotty alder cabinets are natural (light tan finish), I would suggest a medium brown wood floor (hardwood, engineered wood, laminate, or vinyl – depending upon your budget).You could use the dark knots to complement the floor. Alder is soft. Stain Colors. It has a straight and even-textured wood grain with indistinct boundaries between the heartwood and the sapwood. Although it is classified as a hardwood species, it … Specializing in hardwood furniture, trim carpentry, cabinets, home improvement and architectural millwork, Wade Shaddy has worked in homebuilding since 1972. The black alder is best cultivated in moist climatic regions, extending into a medium-sized tree with a height up to 30 meters. However, alder wood tends to stain unevenly, showing areas of light and dark. Alder … PADIGLIONE AGRICOLO BRESSANELLA by a25architetti. The oil attained from the wood is beneficial for the treatment of illnesses like nausea, diarrhea, and muscle pain. When prime alder is used for moldings, few -- if any -- defects, such as knots, splits or cracks, appear in the molding. The fact that alder is used on them is typically not disclosed, since alder is in the same family, or genus, as birch. ASH. The tree has the ability to withstand several types of soil and can easily be cultivated in moist regions. The greatest volume occurs around Washington's Puget Sound and in Northwest Oregon, where trees may reach heights of 120' and diameters of 36". The wood obtained from this tree is used for the purposes of firewood in which the wood is brunt quite rapidly and for making charcoals. Owing to its malleable texture, the wood is commonly known as a semi-hardwood. The leaves are simple and slightly toothed in design. Giving your home a perfect color palette goes beyond paint. Sometimes, the wood consists of grain which is usually straight and uniform, similar to Birch, only it is redder in looks.
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