Follow @DrJohnRickard Tweet. 1.727 doden, 256 gewonden 8.250+ doden, 3.000+ gewonden De Zoeloe-oorlog vond in 1879 plaats en was een gewapend conflict tussen het Verenigd Koninkrijk en het Zoeloekoninkrijk.De Zoeloes verloren de oorlog, waardoor het Zoeloerijk onder Brits gezag kwam. "[16] Furthermore, Zulus under Shaka sometimes advanced more slowly. In the mid-1820s Henry Francis Fynn provided medical treatment to the king after an assassination attempt by a rival tribe member hidden in a crowd (see account of Nathaniel Isaacs). The Zulu become a powerful nation. Some had black shields, others used white shields with black spots, and some had white shields with brown spots, while others used pure brown or white shields.[16]. The Zulu become a powerful nation. Shaka is without doubt the greatest commander to have come out of Africa.[25]. Shaka, one of the most influential monarchs of the Zulu Kingdom, is killed by three assassins Shaka , Zulu Kingdom , Year 1828 , April 30 , History of South Africa , Assassinations , 1820s , Murders , Africa , Deaths , Government , 19th Century , Modern History , Earth , Solar System , Milky Way South Africa Timeline BCE. Shaka Zulu Intro. Ritter's novel Shaka Zulu (1955), a potboiling romance that was re-edited into something more closely resembling a history. [citation needed], Shaka was able to form an alliance with the leaderless Mthethwa clan and was able to establish himself amongst the Qwabe, after Phakathwayo was overthrown with relative ease. [13], The first major clash after Shaka's death took place under his successor Dingane, against expanding European Voortrekkers from the Cape. A frontal assault by their opponents failed to dislodge them, and Shaka sealed the victory by sending his reserve forces in a sweep around the hill to attack the enemy's rear. He is credited with creating a fighting force that devastated the entire region. [36], The theory of the Mfecane holds that the aggressive expansion of Shaka's armies caused a brutal chain reaction across the southern areas of the continent, as dispossessed tribe after tribe turned on their neighbours in a deadly cycle of fight and conquest. The second major clash was against the British during 1879. This Zulu guy was busy bragging about how Shaka was a great warrior and that Sotho and Pedi Kings were cowards instead of fighting they hid in the mountains. "[22] It was composed of three elements: The expanding Zulu power inevitably clashed with European hegemony in the decades after Shaka's death. He addressed this by allowing them to marry and set up homesteads (which was forbidden during Shaka's rule) and they also received cattle from Dingane. Shaka Zulu was founder of the Zulu nation, a born leader and a brilliant general. In 1820 Shaka takes control of the entire Zulu Kingdom and begins his conquest. Terrific majesty : the powers of Shaka Zulu and the limits of historical invention by Carolyn Hamilton ( ); Shaka : king of the Zulus by Diane Stanley ( Book ); The washing of the spears : a history of the rise of the Zulu nation under Shaka and its fall in the Zulu War of 1879 by Donald R Morris ( Book ) Upon reaching manhood he deserted the Elangeni and became affiliated with the Mthethwa clan. How to make a timeline? 1757-1816), son of Jama, chief of the Zulu clan from 1781 to 1816. Many said that he spoke with a speech impediment. Massacres begin as a result of her death. Shaka (c.1787-c. 22 September 1828) was the most influential leader of the Zulu Kingdom. A standard general reference work in the field is Donald Morris's "The Washing of The Spears", which notes that the sources, as a whole, for this historical era are not the best. The initial Zulu maneuvers were primarily defensive, as Shaka preferred to apply pressure diplomatically, with an occasional strategic assassination. At some point, Zwide barely escaped Shaka, though the exact details are not known. Occupation: King of the Zulu Reign: 1816 - 1828 Born: 1787 in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa Died: 1828 in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa Best known for: Uniting many tribes into the Zulu Kingdom Biography: Growing Up Shaka was born into the small South African clan of the Zulus in 1787. Some scholars[who?] There was no need to record messages, he held, since his messengers stood under penalty of death should they bear inaccurate tidings. Shaka observed several demonstrations of European technology and knowledge, but he held that the Zulu way was superior to that of the foreigners. [15] Dingane ruled for some twelve years, during which time he fought, disastrously, against the Voortrekkers, and against another half-brother, Mpande, who, with Boer and British support, took over the Zulu leadership in 1840, ruling for some 30 years. [40] Other scholars acknowledge distortion of the historical record by apartheid supporters and shady European traders seeking to cover their tracks, but dispute the revisionist approach, noting that stories of cannibalism, raiding, burning of villages, or mass slaughter were not developed out of thin air but based on the clearly documented accounts of hundreds of black victims and refugees. There is an anecdote that Shaka joked with one of his friends, Magaye, that he could not kill Magaye because he would be laughed at. As Shaka grew older, he recalled with anger his tormenting by Elangeni members. 0:07. Biography of Shaka Zulu, the greatest Zulu leader and one of the great conquerors of military history . Seinem Erfol… Shaka was victorious in battle, although his forces sustained heavy casualties, which included his head military commander, Umgobhozi Ovela Entabeni. hold that popular depictions of Shaka as a suddenly appearing genius creating innovation are overstated, and that to the contrary, Shaka was a borrower and imitator of indigenous methods, customs and even ruler-lineages already in place. The regimental system clearly built on existing tribal cultural elements that could be adapted and shaped to fit an expansionist agenda.[21]. In contrast to recent literary analyses Shaka then set out to forge the various Zulu-speaking clans into a powerful empire. In 1820 Shaka takes control of the entire Zulu Kingdom and begins his conquest. Shaka Zulu vs Julius Caesaris the fifty-sixth installment of Epic Rap Battles of History and the eleventh episode of Season 4. Much controversy still surrounds the character, methods and activities of the Zulu king. EsNews Boxing. The increased military efficiency led to more and more clans being incorporated into Shaka's Zulu empire, while other tribes moved away to be out of range of Shaka's impis. The series was based on Sinclair's novel of the same name. [citation needed], Shaka granted permission to Europeans to enter Zulu territory on rare occasions. [37][38][39], According to Julian Cobbing, the development of the view that Shaka was the monster responsible for the devastation is based on the need of apartheid era historians to justify the apartheid regime's racist policies. Timetoast's free timeline maker lets you create timelines online. Shaka's enemies described him as ugly in some respects. Shaka Zulu (1787-1828) Home - Book Shop - Wars - Battles - Biographies - Timeline - Weapons - Blog - Full Index - Subjects - Concepts - Country - Documents - Pictures & Maps . 1826. It was released on July 20th, 2015. Instead of hypothesizing that they all chose to imitate Shaka, it is easier to imagine that he modeled his state on theirs. Shaka usurps the Zulu Chiefdom. Initial Zulu success rested on fast-moving surprise attacks and ambushes, but the Voortrekkers recovered and dealt the Zulu a severe defeat from their fortified wagon laager at the Battle of Blood River. His father, Senzangakhona, was a minor chief of one of the Zulu-speaking clans and his mother, Nandi, was daughter of Chief Mbhengi of the rival clan. Michal Lesniewski has criticised Wylie for some[which?] Shaka King of the Zulus was a strong influential African leader and military innovator, born in southern Africa in 1787. Shaka Zulu Collection. Shaka claimed his father’s chieftaincy with military assistance from Dingiswayo. Though much remains unknown about Shaka's personal appearance, sources tend to agree he had a strong, muscular body and was not fat. Alonford James Robinson, “Shaka,” in Africana, the Encyclopedia of the It was released on July 20th, 2015. By 1819 the newly forged Zulu nation was the largest and most populous ever seen in southeastern Africa. Timeline of the Anglo-Zulu War by Ben Johnson. "[16], Laband also dismissed the idea of a 50 miles (80 km) march in a single day as ridiculous. [5] Thus Shaka became Chief of the Zulu clan, although he remained a vassal of the Mthethwa empire[6] until Dingiswayo's death in battle a year later at the hands of Zwide, powerful chief of the Ndwandwe (Nxumalo) nation. All donations are tax deductible. Shaka, Zulu chief (1816–28), founder of Southern Africa’s Zulu Empire. A number of historians[who?] Men under age … Age grades were responsible for a variety of activities, from guarding the camp, to cattle herding, to certain rituals and ceremonies. His power affected the whole of Southern Africa . Shaka sought revenge and received it in 1820 with the Zulu’s victory over the Ndwandwe in the Battle of Mhlatuze River. It is probable that, over time, the Zulu were able to hone and improve their encirclement tactics. Instagram - shaka_zulu_1 Moussa Follow @DrJohnRickard Tweet. Henry Cele stars as the titular King of the Zulu. Confirmation of such accounts can also be seen in modern archaeology of the village of Lepalong, an entire settlement built underground to shelter remnants of the Kwena people from 1827 to 1836 against the tide of disruption that engulfed the region during Shakan times.[41]. Shaka militarized and centralized the state. Spoilers ahead. Shaka still recognised Dingiswayo and his larger Mthethwa clan as overlord after he returned to the Zulu but, some years later, Dingiswayo was ambushed by Zwide's amaNdwandwe and killed. Shaka was born in 1787. Book chapter. The ripple effect caused by these mass migrations would become known (though only in the twentieth century) as the Mfecane (annihilation). Omer-Cooper's "The Zulu Aftermath", which advances the traditional Mfecane theory.[32]. The latest Tweets from Shaka Zulu (@AHoeGonBeAHoe): "Just posted a video https://t.co/xUlrBIuVz2" The latest Tweets from Shakazulu (@shaka_zulu_1). At the time of his death, Shaka ruled over 250,000 people and could muster more than 50,000 warriors. Prior to Shaka, warfare in Southern Africa consisted mainly of tribes throwing spears at one another and ritually challenging warriors from other tribes. The profile and history of Tshaka King of the Zulu (a.k.a Chaka, Shaka), he was one of the greatest leaders of his time. ... 1816 - Shaka Zulu forms the Zulu Kingdom. His 10-year-long kingship resulted in a massive number of deaths, mostly due to the disruptions the Zulu caused in neighbouring tribes, although the exact death toll is a matter of scholarly dispute. This combination has been compared to the standardisation implemented by the reorganised Roman legions under Marius. He was ultimately assassinated by his half brothers Dingane and Mhlangana. Occupation: King of the Zulu Reign: 1816 - 1828 Born: 1787 in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa Died: 1828 in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa Best known for: Uniting many tribes into the Zulu Kingdom Biography: Growing Up Shaka was born into the small South African clan of the Zulus in 1787. As monarch, he held tremendous influence in the Zulu kingdom. Although he preferred social and propagandistic political methods, he also engaged in a number of battles.[4]. [13] Some of these practices are shown below. Nathaniel Isaacs published his Travels and Adventures in Eastern Africa in 1836, creating a picture of Shaka as a degenerate and pathological monster, which survives in modified forms to this day. As for the ruling Qwabe, they began re-inventing their genealogies to give the impression that Qwabe and Zulu were closely related in the past. These and other sources such as A.T. Bryant gives us a more Zulu-centred picture. There is no evidence to suggest that Shaka betrayed Dingiswayo. Shaka ruled from 1816 till 1828. How to make a ... Dinizulu's son Solomon follows his father as king or chief of the Zulu people, and direct descendants of Shaka's brother Mwande continue to inherit until today 1,897 BCE. credit Shaka with initial development of the famous "bull horn" formation. De oorlog staat bekend om zijn bloedige veldslagen, waarbij de Britten opereerden met een modern leger met vuurwapens en bajonetten, … He fled Shaka's employ, and in turn conquered an empire in Zimbabwe, after clashing with European groups like the Boers. With his experience learned from the Mthethwa, he transformed his clan’s military from a largely ceremonial force into a powerful army capable of both defense and aggression. Shaka Zulu (1787-1828) Home - Book Shop - Wars - Battles - Biographies - Timeline - Weapons - Blog - Full Index - Subjects - Concepts - Country - Documents - Pictures & Maps . Biography of Shaka Zulu, the greatest Zulu leader and one of the great conquerors of military history . Are the points and dates accurate? From a military standpoint, historian John Keegan notes exaggerations and myths that surround Shaka, but nevertheless maintains: Fanciful commentators called him Shaka, the Black Napoleon, and allowing for different societies and customs, the comparison is apt. An epic tale with thousands of extras, it was … Shaka's reign coincided with the start of the Mfecane ("Upheaval" or "Crushing"), a period of devastating warfare and chaos in southern Africa between 1815 and about 1840 that depopulated the region. Dingane assumed control of the Empire which lasted another half century before finally being crushed by the British Army. His brutal treatment of his own Army nearly led to its mutiny. His reforms of local society built on existing structures. Shaka Zulu has become one of the most sought after venues in London, having hosted parties for both high end corporate guests, and the rich and famous. Due to pressure from tribal leaders Shaka’s parents separated resulting in the exile of him and his mother from his father’s clan. South African historian Dan Wylie has expressed skepticism of the portrayal of Shaka as a pathological monster destroying everything within reach. Timeline. Joe guested in this as Jon Snow, as he did with another A Song of Ice and Fire character last season.. African tribesman and Zulu kingdom monarch, Shaka, goes toe to toe with Night's Watchman and the King in the North, Jon Snow. Shaka Zulu (c.1787–1828) Source: A Dictionary of African Politics Author(s): Nic Cheeseman, Eloïse Bertrand, Sa’eed Husaini. "[16] The throwing spear was not discarded but used as an initial missile weapon before close contact with the enemy, when the shorter stabbing spear was used in hand-to-hand combat. The earliest are two eyewitness accounts written by European adventurer-traders who met Shaka during the last four years of his reign. [citation needed]. Is this a good timeline of the major biographical highlights of Shaka Zulu? This remarkable king, was a contemporary of Napolean, and his achievements rivalled the Emperor's. This ambiguity continues to lend the image of Shaka its continued power and influence, almost two centuries after his death.[31]. Shaka Zulu established the Zulu Empire and revolutionized warfare in Southern Africa in the early 19th Century. Soga implied as much when he used genealogical evidence to argue that the Zulu were an upstart group inferior in dignity and distinction to established chiefdoms in their region, for example, the Hlubi, Ndwandwe, and Dlamini lines. Although he later became a tyrant, Shaka… Using his standard formula of eighteen years per reign, Bryant calculated that the Swazi, Ndwandwe, and Hlubi lines could be traced back to the beginning of the fifteenth century, while the eponymous chief Zulu had died at the beginning of the eighteenth century. Emperor Shaka the Great: A Zulu Epic by Mazisi Kunene. This video is unavailable. Age-grade groupings of various sorts were common in the Bantu culture of the day, and indeed are still important in much of Africa. Zululand, at its start, is a Fetishist Nguni despotic tribe located in the Nguni area, South Africa region of the Africa continent. It features Zulu king, Shaka Zulu, against Roman dictator, Julius Caesar. Shaka won them over by subtler tactics, such as patronage and reward. Shaka Zulu vs Julius Caesaris the fifty-sixth installment of Epic Rap Battles of History and the eleventh episode of Season 4. He was sucessful in uniting all the ethnic groups in southern Africa against the despicable vestiges of colonialism. 978-1-107-07532-0 - The Creation of the Zulu Kingdom, 1815 1828: War, Shaka, and the Consolidation of Power Elizabeth A. Eldredge Frontmatter More information. Shaka kaSenzangakhona is considered as one of the greatest rulers in the history of the Zulu Kingdom. Book chapter. 2:13. Some older histories have doubted the military and social innovations customarily attributed to Shaka, denying them outright, or attributing them variously to European influences. Shaka kaSenzangakhona (c. July 1787 – 22 September 1828), also known as Shaka Zulu (Zulu pronunciation: ), was the King of the Zulu Kingdom from 1816 to 1828. 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