Within the field of human geography there are five main areas of study. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Countless snow-capped mountains form the Canadian Rockies, with many reaching to 11,000 ft, or more. Canada has over 2 million lakes covering 7% of the land mass. Canada For Students 8th - Higher Ed Standards. Learn about Canada and it's provinces, territories, and capitals with this educational kids video and catchy song. Boreal forests prevail throughout the country, ice is prominent in northerly Arctic regions and through the Rocky Mountains, and the relatively flat Canadian Prairies in the southwest facilitate productive agriculture. However, the term geographical history was used in 1749 in a British pamphlet describing NS, although the first major historical geographical study of Canada was by J.D. The Appalachian mountain range extends from Alabama through the Gaspé Peninsula and the Atlantic Provinces, creating rolling hills indented by river valleys. In 1713, a conflict developed between the English and French and the English won control of Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, and Hudson Bay. Geography of Canada. What is Canada's longest river? Canada is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy and federation.  Much of the Canadian Arctic is covered by ice and permafrost. The Great Lakes and Lake Nipigon are also drained by the St. Lawrence. There are millions of lakes in Canada. Sudbury is an exception to the normal process of forming minerals in the Shield since there is significant evidence that the Sudbury Basin is an ancient meteorite impact crater. The fisheries industry has historically been one of Canada's strongest.  It also runs through parts of southern Quebec.. In Canada’s far north lies the frozen Arctic. Canada has a vast geography that occupies much of the continent of North America, sharing land borders with the contiguous United States to the south and the U.S. state of Alaska to the northwest. In Quebec the official language at the provincial level is French and there have been several Francophone initiatives to ensure that the language remains prominent there. This watershed has been little used for hydroelectricity, with the exception of the Mackenzie River, the longest river in Canada. Because of the long history of conflict between the English and French in Canada, a division between the two still exists in the country’s languages today. , The lowest point is sea level at 0 m, whilst the highest point is Mount Logan, Yukon, at 5,959 m / 19,550 ft 60°34′01″N 140°24′18″W / 60.567°N 140.405°W / 60.567; -140.405 (Mount Logan, Yukon). United States & Canada Physical Geography The great plains are located to the west of the Interior Plains. The less depleted (but still greatly diminished) salmon population continues to drive a strong fisheries industry. Much of Canada's topography consists of gently rolling hills with rock outcrops because the Canadian Shield, an ancient region with some of the world's oldest known rocks, covers almost half of the country. Since the end of the Cold War, there has been growing speculation that Canada's Arctic maritime claims may become increasingly important if global warming melts the ice enough to open the Northwest Passage. , The northernmost point of land within the boundaries of Canada is Cape Columbia, Ellesmere Island, Nunavut 83°06′40″N 69°58′19″W / 83.111°N 69.972°W / 83.111; -69.972 (Cape Columbia, Nunavut). The St. Lawrence plain, covering most of southern Quebec and Ontario, and the interior continental plain, covering southern Manitoba and Saskatchewan and most of Alberta, are the principal cultivable areas.  Temperature extremes in Canada range from 45.0 °C (113.0 °F) in Midale and Yellow Grass, Saskatchewan, on 5 July 1937, to −63.0 °C (−81.4 °F) in Snag, Yukon, on 3 February 1947.. Canada is geologically active, having many earthquakes and potentially active volcanoes, notably the Mount Meager massif, Mount Garibaldi, the Mount Cayley massif, and the Mount Edziza volcanic complex. The southern portions of the Shield are covered with boreal forests while the northern parts are tundra because it is too far north for trees. The Arctic, when defined as everything north of the tree line, covers most of Nunavut and the northernmost parts of Northwest Territories, Yukon, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, and Labrador.  The most notable are Montreal's Mount Royal and Mont Saint-Hilaire. Cattle, sheep and hogs are raised on the prairies, cattle and hogs in Western Ontario, sheep and hogs in Quebec, and sheep in the Maritimes. 12:58. This watershed irrigates the agriculturally important areas of inner British Columbia (such as the Okanagan and Kootenay valleys), and is used to produce hydroelectricity.